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May 08, 2004
Template specialisation does not agree with documents (0.88)
template.html constaines the following example
template TBar(T : U*, U : A) { }
	alias TBar!(B*, B) Foo5;	// (2) T is B*
					// (3) U is B


so I tried the following .....
------------------------------------------
template typename( T : U*, U = short ) {
	static char[] name() { return "some stuff"; }
}

int main( char[][] args ) {
	printf( "typename!(short*).getname=%.*s\n",
typename!(short*).name );
	return 0;
}

//temt01.d(2): identifier 'U' is not defined
------------------------------------------
template typename( T : U*, U : short ) {
	static char[] name() { return "some stuff"; }
}

int main( char[][] args ) {
	printf( "typename!(short*, short).getname=%.*s\n",
typename!(short*, short).name );
	return 0;
}

// temt02.d(2): identifier 'U' is not defined
------------------------------------------

these do not work.
this is related to another post
for matching to a assoc array the D docs imply that you may be able to
do
template typename( T : T[U]  ) {
}
I agree that U here may be viewed as an undef identifier

so the option is to do
template typename( T : T[U], U  ) {
}
(but you need to declate the key type) 
i.e. typename( int[char[]], char[] )

so I though maybe
template typename( T : T[U], U = int  ) {
}
which should match (char[int]) with T=char U= int)
or
template typename( T : T[U], U : int = int  ) {
}

I also understand why you would do 
stuff( D, E: D[] )  but 
stuff( Base, Derv[] ) does not match!
------------------------------
class Base {}
class Derv : Base {}

template typename( T , U : T[] ) {
	static char[] name() { return "some stuff"; }
}

int main( char[][] args ) {
	printf( "typename!(Base, Derv[]).getname=%.*s\n",
typename!(Base, Derv[]).name );
	return 0;
}
// template instance typename!(Base ,Derv []) does not match any
template declaration
----------------------------------------------
even
-------------------------------
template typename( T , U : T ) {
	static char[] name() { return "some stuff"; }
}

int main( char[][] args ) {
	printf( "typename!(Base, Derv).getname=%.*s\n",
typename!(Base, Derv).name );
	return 0;
}
--------------------------------------
does not match but I though ( T : class ) was match class or sub class
i.e ( T: Object ) would match Foo
so why does (Base,Derv) not match ( T,  U : T ) 
it matches ( T:Base, U:Base )
and (Base,Derv[]) not match ( T,  U : T[] )
it does match ( T : Base, U : Base[] )

without that there is no point to this particual syntax
as U will only be T/T[] so you might as well do 
template foo(T) { alias T[] U; .... }
it would be usefull for collection classes etc to match sub classes.
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